Dal Corso, L.
Mediation effects of safety climate and safety motivation on the relation between organizational climate and safety performance in the workplace
The aim of this study was to test whether the effects of organizational climate on safety perform-ance in the workplace are mediated by safety climate and safety motivation. A questionnaire was used. Participants involved in the study were nursing coordinators and nurses working in two hospitals who had already participated in formative activities on clinical risk management. The measures we used were: the scale of organizational climate by De Carlo, Falco and Capozza (2008; affective factor, cog-nitive factor, and instrumental factor); the scales of safety climate (manager values), safety motivation, and safety performance in the workplace (safety compliance and safety participation) by Neal and Grif-fin (2006). The mediation hypothesis was evaluated using regression models with observed variables. Findings showed that safety climate performs the function of mediator only in the relationship between the affective factor of organizational climate and safety participation, whereas no mediation effects of safety motivation appeared in the relationship between safety climate and safety performance. Implica-tions of these findings for safety research and their potential applications are discussed.Back