Joint factor structure of the WISC-III and K-ABC for Japanese maltreated children: A preliminary investigation
Joint factors in intelligence measure batteries, including the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC)-Revised and Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children (K-ABC), have been analyzed in previous research. In order to elaborate and expand the Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) theory, it is important to confirm the factor structures of intelligence using diverse racial and clinical populations. The present study examined the factor structures of the WISC-III and K-ABC in 105 maltreated Japanese children (41 girls and 64 boys, aged 6 to 12 years). Confirmatory factor analysis revealed the theory-driven, seven-factor model for all 23 subtests. The seven factors and almost all paths could be interpreted theoretically as Gf, Gc, Gv, Gsm, Gs, Gq, and Grw.1 Results indicated that CHC theory could be applied to describe the structure of intelligence in maltreated Japanese children. The current findings contribute to the literature on CHC theory, by elaborating and expanding the theory to include more diverse populations.
Testing, Psychometrics, Methodology in Applied Psychology, 2015, Vol. 22, pp. 477-483, DOI: 10.4473/TPM22.4.3Back